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Drupal H5P Module 2.0.0 Zip Slip Traversal

CVE Category Price Severity
CVE-2021-214100 CWE-22 $3000 Critical
Author Risk Exploitation Type Date
Unknown High Remote 2022-12-05
CVSS
CVSS:4.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

CVSS vector description

Our sensors found this exploit at: https://cxsecurity.com/ascii/WLB-2022120009

Below is a copy:

Drupal H5P Module 2.0.0 Zip Slip Traversal
------------------------------------------------------------------
Drupal H5P Module <= 2.0.0 (isValidPackage) Zip Slip Vulnerability
------------------------------------------------------------------


[-] Software Link:

https://www.drupal.org/project/h5p


[-] Affected Versions:

Version 2.0.0-alpha2 and prior versions.
Version 7.x-1.50 and prior versions.


[-] Vulnerability Description:

The vulnerability is located within the H5PValidator::isValidPackage() 
method. This implements the following check in order to skip any file or 
folder starting with a dot or underscore within the uploaded h5p 
archive:

891.$fileName = $zip->statIndex($i)['name'];
892.
893.if (preg_match('/(^[\._]|\/[\._])/', $fileName) !== 0) {
894.  continue; // Skip any file or folder starting with a . or _
894.}

This regex check should be enough to prevent path traversal attacks 
through zipped filenames (Zip Slip attacks), because it checks for the 
string /. within the filename, thus preventing directory traversal 
attacks. However, the vulnerability exists if Drupal is running on a 
Windows server, because in this case the attacker can provide a 
malicious h5p archive containing a filename with path traversal 
sequences like ..\..\.., which would bypass the above regex check. 
This can be exploited to write (or overwrite) semi-arbitrary files in 
the file system via directory traversal sequences, potentially leading 
to Stored Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) and other kind of attacks.


[-] Solution:

No official solution is currently available.


[-] Disclosure Timeline:

[22/11/2021] - Vendor notified
[28/02/2022] - Vendor proposed a possible patch
[28/02/2022] - Vendor notified about the ineffective patch, provided a 
fix suggestion
[01/03/2022] - Vendor fixed the previous patch
[30/03/2022] - Asked update about the public disclosure and release of a 
patch, no response
[22/11/2022] - After one year still no official solution available
[03/12/2022] - Public disclosure


[-] CVE Reference:

The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures project (cve.mitre.org)
has not assigned a CVE identifier for this vulnerability.


[-] Credits:

Vulnerability discovered by Egidio Romano.


[-] Other References:

https://security.drupal.org/node/175968


[-] Original Advisory:

http://karmainsecurity.com/KIS-2022-06

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